Maternal family history correlates of disorganized attachment in 18-month-old high-risk infants

by Sara K. McLeod

Written in English
Published: Pages: 229 Downloads: 631
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  • Attachment behavior in children.,
  • Mother and infant.,
  • Women -- Mental health.,
  • Child abuse.

Edition Notes

StatementSara K. McLeod.
ContributionsBoston College. Dept. of Education.
The Physical Object
Paginationviii, 229 leaves ;
Number of Pages229
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16578149M

Disrupted Interactions of Adolescent Mothers and Their Infants Sheri Madigan, Greg Moran, and David R. Pederson University of Western Ontario The links between unresolved maternal attachment status, disrupted maternal interaction in play situa-tions, and disorganized attachment relationships were examined in a study of 82 adolescent mother.   This review aims to consider evidence for the impact of maternal psychopathology on the child’s attachment to the mother, and the role of this in mediating the known transmission of developmental and clinical risk to children. The studies reviewed focus on mothers with depression and psychotic disorder. A number of studies (mainly of mothers with depression) demonstrate an Cited by: A controlled family history study of childhood-onset depressive disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 54 (7), Parent-child bonding and family functioning in depressed children and children at high risk and low risk for future depression. Disorganized attachment in early childhood: meta-analysis of precursors, concomitants. Start studying human development exam 2. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. -family history of psychosis-having 1st child. intervention for post partum psychosis? less likely to have a secure attachment and are more likely to display an insecure attachment compared to infants of nondepressed.

Lyons-Ruth K, Connell D, Zoll D. Patterns of maternal behavior among infants at risk for abuse: Relations with infant attachment behavior and infant development at 12 months of age. In: Cicchetti D, Carlson V, editors. Child maltreatment: theory and research on the causes and consequences of child abuse and neglect.   To investigate whether women raised in a family with substance abuse constitute a particularly vulnerable group of patients in an infant psychiatry setting and to identify the risk factors of suspected parental malfunctioning in women referred to treatment in an infant and toddler intervention program. A history of family substance abuse can severely disrupt the caretaking abilities of parents Cited by: 4. high-risk populations display a disorganized pattern, thought to reflect the breakdown or absence of an organized attachment strategy (Main & Solomon, ). o Disorganized attachment is a major risk factor in the development of psychopathology and later coping difficulties (Carlson, ). touch). We refer to infants at 4 months who will be classified as disorganized (D) or secure (B) attachment at 12 months as “future” disorganized or secure infants. We hypothesized that disorganized attachment biases the system toward self- and interactive contingencies which are both heightened (in some modalities) and lowered (in other.

did, however, find that maternal helplessness predicted attachment categorization, and that compared to the mothers who went on to have secure attachment relationships with their infants, those who went on to have disorganized attachment relationships labeled more ambiguous infant faces as surprised. Disorganized Attachment in Adolescent Mother-Infant Dyads Its Nature, Origins, and Developmental Consequences Greg Moran (and David Pederson) Department of Psychology. The University of Western Ontario. London, Ontario, Canada. A Presentation to the. LaMarsh Centre for Research on Violence and Conflict Resolution. Octo The purpose of this study was to examine whether self-reported adult attachment style predicts everyday maternal caregiving behavior at home. Overall, the findings suggested that in line with previous studies (Edelstein et al., , Rholes et al., ), attachment-related avoidance was negatively associated with global maternal by:   Our goal was to examine the trajectory of bonding impairment across the first 6 months postpartum in the context of maternal risk, including maternal history of childhood abuse and neglect and postpartum psychopathology, and to test the association between self-reported bonding impairment and observed positive parenting behaviors. In a sample of women with childhood abuse and neglect Cited by:

Maternal family history correlates of disorganized attachment in 18-month-old high-risk infants by Sara K. McLeod Download PDF EPUB FB2

Results revealed that infants classified as disorganized had mothers with higher levels of depressive symptoms during pregnancy compared to infants classified as organized. Maternal parenting quality moderated this association, as exposure to higher levels of maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy was only associated with higher rates of infant disorganized attachment when maternal parenting at three months Cited by: Disorganized Infant Attachment Classification and Maternal Psychosocial Problems as Predictors of Hostile-Aggressive Behavior in the Preschool Classroom.

CHILD DEVELOPMENT,64, Tbis study of 62 low-income families examined the relation between maternal File Size: 1MB. Maternal Correlates of Toddler Insecure and Dependent Behavior.

The present study was designed to examine the relationship between characteristics of mothers and their toddler's insecure and dependent behavior. The authors studied 2-year-old toddlers and their mothers via a structured questionnaire administered to the mothers in their homes.

Maternal psychosocial problems independently predicted hostile aggression in preschool and combined additively with infant attachment security in prediction. Results are discussed in relation to the asymmetry of forward and backward prediction that characterized the findings and in relation to the potential significance of disorganized attachment behavior as a precursor to later by: They, too, found that mother–child attachment acted as a protective factor in alcoholic families.

As in the present study, this effect was only apparent in the high-risk (alcoholic family) group, wherein mother–child attachment moderated the relationship between problem drinking and child social and behavioral functioning of 6- to by:   Disorganized attachment in infants of adolescent mothers is an important matter as the United States continues to have the highest number of teen births per year.

It is imperative to develop effective intervention strategies which will enhance the outcome of children born to adolescent mothers. between maternal and infant patterns of attachment have been noted, this is one of the first reports of a prospective investigation of such associations.

The Adult Attachment Interview was administered to mothers expecting their first child, and, at 1-year follow-up, 96 of these were seen with their infants at 12 months in the Strange.

Berthelot et al. () reported that the rate of secure attachment was 18% among 57 mothers with childhood history of abuse and negligence, and the rates of avoidant, resistant and disorganized. Disorganized attachment in infants has been recognized as an early index of vulnerability for the later development of psychopathology.

As such, researchers have stressed the importance of examining predictors of disorganization (Kochanska, ).Maternal antenatal depression may be one such precursor given theory-based links to disorganized attachment (Kammerer, Taylor, & Glover.

The infants of adolescent mothers have a greater probability of having insecure and disorganized attachment to their mothers in childhood (Broussard,Flaherty and Sadler,Frodi et al.,Moran et al.,van IJzendoorn et al.,Ward and Carlson, ), less stability in attachment from early to middle childhood (1–5 Cited by: Both disorganized attachment strategies in infancy and controlling attachment strategies in the preschool years are associated with preschool and school-aged aggression and psychopathology.

5 In addition, disorganized attachment in infancy remains predictive of elevated levels of dissociative symptoms and overall psychopathology in late adolescence. 6,7. NICU parent screening. A baby’s hospitalization in a NICU is a potentially traumatic event for parents.

Screening, support and referral (when necessary) may help to minimize both traumatic reactions in parents and the negative effects of such reactions on child by: A recent television documentary concluded that, from birth, girls are more nurturing than are boys.

You agree with this because you believe nurturing is an evolutionary trait passed on through the generations, because females needed to be more nurturing to aid the survival of the species. groups had significantly higher rates of disorganized attachment than infants in the NC group.

At postintervention follow-up at age 26 months, children in the IPP and PPI groups demonstrated. portion of disorganized attachments among infants of de-pressed, untreated mothers than among infants in matched groups of depressed treated mothers and nondepressed controls.

Only two studies are currently available assessing relations between maternal depression and attachment security among preschoolers. The contribution of attachment, maternal reported stress, and mother-child interaction to the prediction of teacher-reported behavior problems was examined for a French-Canadian sample of Maternal state of mind regarding attachment predicts persistence of postnatal depression in the preschool years Article in Journal of Affective Disorders () May with 26 Reads.

Our purpose is to bring to the attention of a clinical audience aspects of a study predicting infant attachment at 12 months from a microanalysis of mother-infant interaction at 4 months (Beebe, Jaffe, Markese, Buck, Chen, Cohen, Bahrick, Andrews and Feldstein, ).Here we summarize a subset of the findings, those predicting disorganized attachment, and the implications for infant internal.

A robust association was observed between disrupted maternal behavior and disorganized attachment. Ratings of disrupted maternal behavior revealed that disorganized attachment relationships were strongly related to ratings of fearful/disoriented behavior.

Moreover, mothers who were unresolved were more likely than not-unresolved mothers to show disrupted patterns of Cited by: Maternal sensitivity and Appropriate mind-related comments were independent predictors of attachment security at 12 months, respectively accounting for % and % of its variance.

We suggest that these findings are in line with current theorising on internal working models of attachment, and may help to explain security-related differences Cited by: -history of deception, crime, impulsive/aggressive behaviour-little emotional empathy/remorse-high risk for substance abuse and alcoholism 2) borderline-unstable moods-intense/stormy personal relationships-self mutilation/suicide attempts for attention-sees others as all.

Disorganized attachments in these month-old infants did not, however, in itself predict later BPD traits. These prospective data suggest that quality of early (and perhaps continued) parent-child affective communication, independent of abuse history, may be an important and independent factor in contributing to later development of adult BPD.

Keywords: attachment theory, interventions, drug-abusing mothers, mother–infant attachment, parenting INTRODUCTION Maternal substance abuse is a lo ng-standing and still ongoing signi can t.

Importantly, maternal adult attachment has been consistently related to children’s memory and suggestibility for stressful information, although maternal attachment has not been examined in association with child AM specificity (see Alexander et al.,and Bruck & Melnyk,for reviews).Cited by: TY - JOUR.

T1 - Disorganized/Disoriented Attachment Relationships in Maltreated Infants. AU - Carlson, Vicki. AU - Cicchetti, Dante. AU - Barnett, DouglasCited by: As indicated in Table 1, organized and disorganized attachment, and maternal sensitivity and atypical maternal behavior uniformly displayed significant inter-correlations.A hierarchical regression was conducted with attachment security/non-security as the dependent variable: intervention status was entered in the first step, maternal sensitivity in the second step, and level of disrupted Cited by: What is the best intervention a nurse can utilize to promote parent-infant attachment with a preterm or high-risk newborn.

Allow for privacy. Provide an extensive handbook with information related to the preterm newborn. According to Madigan, Moran, and Pederson (), little information has been collected on the attachment of infants with adolescent mothers.

Progressively more and more women in the United States and Europe postpone childbearing until their later. By 14 months of age, infants in the comorbid group were at very high risk for attachment insecurity, with 80% of infants in this group classified as insecure.

In contrast, mother–infant dyads in the depression-only group did not differ in early play interactions or infant attachment security from dyads in the no-psychopathology by: High-risk neonatal status, indexed by an intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), and maternal representations of past and present attachment relationships were examined as predictors of infant attachment.

disorganized infant–mother attachment. The hours per week infants spent in nonmaternal care at 7–8 months were examined as a continuous measure and as a dichotomous threshold (o 50 and 60 hr/week) to predict infant disorganization at 12–15 by: 3.

Objectives Infant developmental outcomes may be influenced by a range of prenatal maternal characteristics. While there is some evidence to suggest that maternal-foetal attachment may be associated with infant developmental outcomes, there is a need to systematically review this evidence to guide future research and clinical practice.

Methods Five electronic databases were systematically Cited by: To better understand differences in the origins of Disorganized relationships between high-risk and low- risk groups, it has been suggested that assessing various aspects of maternal interaction, in addition to overall sensitivity, may be beneficial (Moran et al., ).